Types of stress


Stress is called the "twentieth century disorder" for it is very common in the present times. It comes along with fame, success, money, technological advancement that everybody in this world aspires. In this fastpaced world, everything needs to be perfect and up to the mark. The result is stress. Stress is small amounts is beneficial as it increases the competence of an individual but if beyond a limit, it can be fatal. Stress is nothing but, how our body reacts to different challenging and taxing situations tat we face in life.

What are the symptoms of stress?

Biologically speaking, it is a condition when our bodies lose hormones such as cortisol and adrenaline in order that the body reacts quickly to the exigent situation. Stress may result in headaches, allergies, insomia (lack of sleep), backache, fatigue and hypertension. Stress can be inherited or can occur due to past traumatic experiences.

What are the different types of stress?

Stress, is generally perceived to be of one single kind. But it can be classified into four different categories based on the duration, symptoms and consequences. The four types include:
Eustress:
It is a type of stress that occurs for a short period of time. It is what experts call "positive stress" and its symptoms include increased physical activity and a new enthusiasm and a sense of creativity. It is what arises with motivation and morale-building. An example of Eustress is what a gymnast experiences before a competition.
Distress:
Distress, is what experts call "negative stress". It occurs due to regular changes and alterations in the routine of an individual. Its symptoms include feelings of uneasiness and vexation. An example of distress is a person who constantly changes jobs. It is further classified into two categories on the basis duration:
Acute stress: it is intense and short-lived.
Chronic distress: it is prolonged in nature.

Hyper stress:
It occurs in conditions of overwork and overload. In such situations of overload trivial situations can cause a strong emotional reaction.
Hypo stress:
It occurs when conditions opposite to that of hyper stress prevail that is in case of boredom. It occurs due to lack of inspiration and drive in life. It may also happen to people who do repetitive work.

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