Skin Disorder Rosacea:


Rosacea is a hereditary; chronic skin disorder that affects the middle third of the face, causing persistent redness over the areas of the face and nose, forehead and chin. Rosacea typically appears between the ages of 30 and 50 and affects more women than men. Groups of tiny micro vessels (arterioles, capillaries, and venules) close to the surface of the skin become dilated, to form red patchy areas with small elevations called papules (a small, red solid elevated inflammatory skin lesion without pus) and pustules (with pus). The redness can come and go, but eventually it may become permanent.

Causes of Rosacea:

1. Disorder of the blood vessels that causes them to swell, leading to flushing.
2. A genetic predisposition combined with certain environmental factors that may irritate the skin.
3. The bacteria Helicobacter pylori (that is associated with stomach ulcers) and medications like vasodilators (that cause blood vessels to widen) have also been thought possibly to bring out rosacea.
4. A mite sometimes found in hair follicles may play a role in the development of rosacea.
Symptoms:
1. Inflammation of the skin of the face, particularly the forehead, cheeks, nose, and chin.
2. Redness or inflammation, which come and goes.
3. Enlarged blood vessels and pimples become visible.
4. Watery or irritated eyes.
Complications:
1. Untreated rosacea can cause a disfiguring nose condition leading to growth on nose.
2. Burning and grittiness of the eyes (conjunctivitis) is usually present. If this is not treated, a serious complication that can damage the cornea and vision.
Treatment: Seek help of a Dermatologist.
Treatment plan suggested by dermatologist will be similar to listed below:
1. Antibiotics such as Tetracycline are given.
2. Tropical cream (cream to be applied on skin) containing Metronidazole should be applied.
3. Corticosteroid Ointment to be applied regularly till symptoms subsides.
4. Tretinoin cream is also applied.
Prevention:
1. Smoking, spicy food, hot beverages and alcoholic drinks to be avoided. They can cause flushing.
2. Exposure to sunlight and to extreme hot and cold temperatures should be avoided as far as possible.
3. Potent cortisone medications on the face should be avoided because they can promote widening of the tiny blood vessels of the face.
4. Facial products such as soap, moisturizers and sunscreens should be free of alcohol.
5. Do not touch and rub face.
6. When going outdoors, sunscreens with an SPF of 15 or higher are needed.

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