Thigh cramps


Thigh cramps are caused by prolonged spasms, or involuntary contraction of a muscle. Thigh cramps, especially those of the legs, are extremely common, more so in the elderly. Although not dangerous to health, in some cases they may be symptoms of an underlying problem. Treatment is usually massage and stretching and adequate fluid intake, although in cases where cramps are frequent, medication may be recommended. A thigh cramp is an involuntarily and forcibly contracted muscle that does not relax. Any of the muscles under voluntary control can cramp. Cramps of the extremities are very common. Especially, the legs and feet, and particularly the calf are also the cause of thigh cramps. When a thigh muscle involuntarily contracts, it is called a spasm and becomes a cramp when the spasm is forceful and sustained.

About the cramp

Cramps can last somewhere from a few seconds to a quarter of an hour, and occasionally longer. It is not exceptional for a cramp to recur several times before finally going away. The cramp may rivet a part of a muscle, the entire muscle, or several muscles that usually act together. Most cramps are not a risk to health. Although they can be very bumpy, cramps are rarely a sign of a dangerous disease. Involuntary muscles such as those of the bowel, heart and uterus can also cramp.

Conclusion

Correct treatment depends on the reason of the cramps. For persistent and frequent cramps, a doctor will generally look at the patient's medical history, make a physical examination and perhaps arrange laboratory tests. This is to discover whether there is any serious underlying cause for the cramps. The most common and generally the most effective treatment for leg cramps is daily stretching of the affected muscles. Quinine has in the past been used as a remedy for muscle cramps and there is evidence that it is modestly effective, however quinine supplements have been recently banned by the US Food and Drug administration for over the counter sales due to serious and fatal side effects. Quinine may motionless be prescribed by a doctor, but the risks and benefits of using it must be taken into account. Pioneering studies are underway using a compound known as naftidrofuryl as an alternative to quinine.

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Muscle Cramps
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