Cramps in Pregnancy -

Introduction to Cramps -

Cramps occur due to spasmodic and involuntary contractions of muscles and can be painful. They may occur in any part of the body.

Cramps in pregnancy -

Many symptoms can be seen during pregnancy like food cravings, nausea, mood swings, fatigue, and cramps. Cramps are the one of the most common symptoms and can be seen in legs, feet and abdomen.

Cramps during pregnancy may be mild or severe, a warning to a problem or a signal of the enlarging uterus.

Legs cramps in pregnancy -

They occur due to the extra weight during her pregnancy and may occur during the day but mostly at nights. Cramps during the second trimester occur due to the growth of the foetus and the increasing pressure put by the uterus on the blood vessels that send the blood from the legs back to the heart and the nerves in the abdominal region.
One can adopt some of these measures to effectively handle these cramps. Avoiding standing or sitting with legs crossed for a long time, stretching the calf muscles regularly at day time and also at bedtime, rotating the ankles and wiggling the toes while sitting, going for walks regularly (unless advised), avoiding too much of physical exertion, taking a warm bath before sleep to relax the muscles, consuming enough water are some of the best ways to tackle leg cramps.

If the pain continues or increases, or if it just does not look like the usual cramp or if there is a swelling in the legs, it is better to visit a doctor, as there may be chances of blood clot which would require immediate medical intervention.

Abdominal Cramps in pregnancy -

There may be mild or sometimes severe abdominal cramps at different stages of pregnancy. The mild cramps are caused due to implantation, stretching of ligaments, false labor, gas pains, bloating caused due to hormones slowing the digestion, the pressure of the growing foetus, constipation or heartburn. At times, cramps during the last weeks of pregnancy may suggest that the time of labor is drawing near.

Putting the feet up, relaxing, resting in a comfortable position, avoiding changing the position instantly, bending towards the pain to relieve it, walking, doing light work, can be when an abdominal cramp occurs.

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