Cramps during ovulation

Ovulation is a stage of the female menstrual cycle, which involves the release of an egg from one of the ovaries. For most women, ovulation takes place about once every month until menopause, apart from episodes of pregnancy and breastfeeding. About one in five women experience pain and discomfort all through ovulation. The duration of the pain varies from one woman to the after that, but ranges from a few minutes to 48 hours. In most cases, ovulation pain doesn't mean that whatever thing is wrong. However, brutal pain may sometimes be symptomatic of gynecological conditions including endometriosis. See your doctor if your ovulation cramp lasts longer than three days or is associated with other unusual menstrual symptoms, such as heavy bleeding. Ovulation cramp is also known as mid-cycle pain and mittelschmerz.


The symptoms of ovulation cramp can include, pain in the lower abdomen, just inside the hip bone. The pain classically occurs about two weeks before the menstrual period is due. The pain is felt on the right or left side, depending on which ovary is producing an egg. The pain may switch from one side to the other from one cycle to the next, or remain on one side for a few cycles. The pain sensation varies between individuals. As for example, it could feel like uncomfortable pressure, twinges, sharp pains or cramps. The duration of the cramp may range anywhere from a minute to 48 hours.

Theories on possible causes

The exact reason of ovulation pain is not clear, but theories include emerging follicle are the hormones that prompt the ovaries to produce around 20 follicles. Each follicle contains an immature egg but only one follicle by and large survives to maturity. It is hypothetical that ovulation pain is caused because of the expanding follicle which stretches the membrane of the ovary. Ruptured follicle is a circumstance wherein when the egg is mature, it bursts from the follicle. This may cause slight bleeding. The peritoneum might be irritated by the blood or fluids from the ruptured follicle and this may trigger the pain.

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