Causes and treatment
There are a figure of factors that contribute to muscle cramps and spasms, the main ones being the poor flexibility and tight muscles, muscle fatigue and overuse, dehydration, and electrolyte and mineral depletion. A numeral of other factors include working or exercising in high heat and humidity, inadequate blood supply, injury or muscle strain and excessive use of alcohol, drugs and medication. Muscle cramps and spasms will generally go away on their own but there are a few important steps you can take to decrease the severity and duration of them. You just have to discontinue the activity that triggered the cramp in the first place. Then quietly stretch the effected muscle or muscle group. Always stay the effected areas moving with light activity and gentle massage. Always carry on applying heat and massage to help promote blood flow.
One of the most helpful things you can do to help prevent muscle cramps and spasms is to work on improving your overall general health and fitness. Improving your cardiovascular fitness will get better the delivery of blood to your muscles, which will ensure that they have adequate amounts of oxygen and nutrients to function properly. Another key activity that will assist to prevent cramps and spasms is stretching. Keeping your muscles loose and flexible will help to discontinue them from tightening up and cramping. Be sure to stretch the muscles groups that are most flat to cramping both before and after exercise or strenuous physical activity. The other significant activity that is very effective in helping to prevent cramp is ensuring adequate hydration and electrolyte replenishment. In universal you should be consuming at least 8 to 10 glasses of filtered water a day and more if you're involved in strenuous physical activity or live and work in high heat and humidity.
How to get rid of cramps
Cause of leg cramps
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Check Your Cramp Prevention Options
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