Liver Problems:


Introduction:
The largest organ in the body is the liver, an indication of its importance in health and it is involved with almost all of the biochemical pathways that allow growth, fight disease, supply nutrients, provide energy, and aid reproduction. Liver cells, which are called hepatocytes, go through thousands of complex biochemical reactions every second in order to perform these myriad functions and since the liver is involved with almost all biochemical processes it is no wonder that there are many different diseases that will affect it.
Diseases that affect the liver:
Here some of the most common liver diseases and conditions are described.
1) Acute liver failure: this serious condition occurs when a large portion of the liver becomes damaged and cannot function effectively and may result to hepatitis, cirrhosis, alcohol or drug abuse or certain medications
2) Alcoholic liver disease: alcohol affects liver and alcohol abuse can lead to liver problems like fatty liver, hepatitis, and cirrhosis.
3) Cancer of the liver: tumors in the liver may be cancerous or non-cancerous and primary cancers originate in the liver that include hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, hepatoblastoma, angiosarcoma, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, multiple or massive hepatic adenoma and hepatoma, which begins in the liver cells. And also metastatic liver cancers develop when cancer cells from other parts of the body, such as lung cancer or breast cancer, spread to the liver and are dangerous.
4) Cholestatic liver disorders: Cholestasis is a reduction or stoppage of bile flow and it causes can include liver or pancreatic cancer, hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, and cirrhosis or bile duct stones.
5) Cirrhosis: it refers to a group of chronic liver diseases in which normal liver cells become damaged and are replaced by scar tissue also this decreases the amount of normal liver tissue available, so your liver works less efficiently. And as scar tissue increases, your liver loses its ability to function.
6) Fatty liver: This is not a disease but a description of a liver in which too many fat cells have accumulated and it's the most common in people who are overweight or who have diabetes but however these excess fat cells can cause your liver to become inflamed, and in some cases, to cirrhosis and liver cancer.
7) Hepatitis: There are several forms of hepatitis, which is an inflammation of the liver caused by one of several viruses, toxic agents or autoimmune disorders and if the condition lasts more than six months, it is called chronic hepatitis that is dangerous to health.

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