What is liver enzyme?
A liver enzyme is a protein that helps to speed up a chemical reaction in the liver and the liver function tests are blood tests that are used to evaluate various functions of the liver for example, metabolism, storage, filtration and excretion, which are often performed by liver enzymes. But not all liver function tests are measures of enzyme function.
Description of liver enzymes and its types:
The liver is an important internal organ because it performs many functions and also it helps to detoxify the many toxins in the body, makes proteins that are used to help clot the blood and other proteins that help draw fluid into our blood vessels for e.g., albumin. Liver function tests are blood tests that include alkaline phosphatase, prothrombin time, serum bilirubin, serum albumin and the most commonly used indicators of liver damage are the alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). These are nothing but enzymes normally found in liver cells that leak out of these cells and make their way to the blood when liver cells are injured.
The ALT is felt to be a more specific indicator of liver inflammation, as AST is also found in other organs, such as the heart and skeletal muscle and in acute injury to the liver, as in viral hepatitis, the level of the ALT and AST may be used as a general measure of the degree of liver inflammation or damage. In chronic liver disease, these enzymes may be entirely within the normal range and increased levels of ALT and AST can have a large number of clinical implications.
While elevated levels might involve hepatocellular disease, active cirrhosis, metastatic liver tumor, infection or toxic hepatitis, severe burns, pancreatitis, heart attack, trauma, severe burns, acute hemolytic anemia, crushing injuries, gangrene or shock. The elevation of this enzyme may be found in a large number of disorders as common as gallstone disease, alcohol abuse and drug-induced hepatitis, or in less common disorders, such as primary biliary cirrhosis or biliary tumors. However this enzyme is found both in the liver and the bile, it leaks into the bloodstream in a manner similar to that of the ALT and AST.
Liver Cleansing Diet:
A diet to detoxify liver:
Detoxification is a process that occurs within our bodies on a continual basis and symptoms such as frequent colds, feeling sluggish and tired, allergies, poor skin, coated tongue, and other foods may indicate...
The liver is the largest and the most important organ in the body and is found high in the right upper abdomen behind the ribs. It is a very complex organ and has many functions like storing energy in the form of sugar, storing vitamins, iron and...
What is liver enzyme?
A liver enzyme is a protein that helps to speed up a chemical reaction in the liver and the liver function tests are blood tests that are used to evaluate various functions of the liver for example, metabolism, storage,...
Alcoholic Liver Disease:
ingestion. The symptoms of alcoholic hepatitis include vague abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, fever, diarrhea, fatigue and malaise. Alcoholic liver disease is the most common liver disease in the United States also it is encountered...
Cirrhosis of Liver:
Cirrhosis is detected in a person when anatomically by widespread nodules in the liver combined with fibrosis and nodule formation causes distortion of the normal liver architecture, which interferes with blood flow through the...
End Stage Liver Disease:
What are the end-stage liver diseases?
End stage liver disease is final stage of total liver failure and it includes liver cancer, cirrhosis, hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, chronic liver disease,, liver abscess, hemochromatosis, autoimmune...
An unusual case:
Hepatomagaly is the medical term for enlargement of the live but this is not a disease but it is an indication of some disease. Liver is one of the most important organs in the body and liver is involved in many bodily...
Fatty Liver -
All That You Need To Know
What Is Fatty Liver?
Fatty liver is a reversible condition seen in chronic alcoholism and other conditions, where large vacuoles of lipid accumulate in hepatocytes that are liver cells. Accumulation of this fat in...
Liver Cancer Symptom:
Detection of the liver disorder:
Liver cancer has become very common and two-thirds of people have advanced liver disease when they seek medical help, one third of the patients have cancer that has not progressed beyond the liver. Hepatitis is...
An indication of liver disease:
Hepatic cyst usually refers to solitary non-parasitic cysts of the liver, also known as simple cysts as patients with simple cysts are asymptomatic and require no treatment. Medical term used to describe cyst is...
Remove toxic substances form liver:
Liver is responsible for filtering, detoxifying, nourishing, replenishing, and storing blood and it is necessary for the people to maintain a healthy liver for the best of health. If the gall bladder and...
The liver is the largest internal organ in the human body and is also one of the most important ones. The biliary system consisting of the bile ducts and the gallbladder and also the pancreas are all closely associated with the...
Terminal Liver Cancer:
The last stage:
When the liver cancer cannot be treated and it reaches a stage of metastatic cancer, which happens when tumors from other parts of the body spread (metastasize) to the liver. As the last stage of cancer has no cure the only...