Liver Disorder:

The liver is the largest internal organ in the human body and is also one of the most important ones. The biliary system consisting of the bile ducts and the gallbladder and also the pancreas are all closely associated with the functioning of the liver. Some liver, biliary and pancreatic diseases are congenital while others can be prevented. If these diseases are congenital, injury-related, viral-induced, or alcohol-induced, they can be devastating to a person's health and require professional care. More than 25 million people in the United States suffer from liver and gallbladder diseases, according to the American Liver Foundation whereas more than 43,000 die of a liver disease each year.
Disorders of the liver:

There are many disorders of the liver that require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional as liver is the most important organ in the body. There can be disorders like liver tumors, alcohol-induced liver disease, congenital defects, Hepatitis and Cirrhosis. Other disorder like autoimmune liver disorders is any reaction or attack of a person's immune system against its own organs and tissues. In the liver, the immune system can destroy liver cells causing autoimmune hepatitis and damage bile ducts causing either primary bilary cirrhosis or primary sclerosing and chronic active hepatitis can be caused by an autoimmune disorder.

Another disorder is metabolic liver disorders which have two main disorders named hemochromatosis and Wilson's disease. Hemochromatosis is the absorption of too much iron from food and instead of secreting the excess iron; the iron is stored throughout the body, including the liver and pancreas. The excess iron can damage these organs and Hemochromatosis is a hereditary disease that can lead to liver disease, liver failure, liver cancer, heart disease and diabetes. Wilson's disease is the retention of too much copper in the liver and instead of releasing the copper into the bile, the liver retains the copper. Eventually the damaged liver releases copper into the bloodstream and this is also a hereditary disease that can cause damage to the kidneys, brain and eyes, and lead to severe brain damage, liver failure and death.
Liver tumors are also one type of disorder which are abnormal masses of tissue that form when cells begin to reproduce at an increased rate and due to this the liver can grow both noncancerous and cancerous tumors.

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