Liver Damage:


The liver is the largest and the most important organ in the body and is found high in the right upper abdomen behind the ribs. It is a very complex organ and has many functions like storing energy in the form of sugar, storing vitamins, iron and minerals. It also processes the worn out red blood cell and kills the germs that enter the body through the intestine.

What damages the liver?

Excessive intake of alcohol can damage the liver which is known as cirrhosis and is a serious condition. It is scarring of the liver that involves the formation of fibrous tissue associated with the destruction of the normal architecture of the organ resulting as long-standing injury.
Too much of painkillers can also damage your liver and especially too much of the popular painkiller acetaminophen can suffer liver damage, particularly if you are alcoholic. Drugs like acetaminophen and salicylates taking doses over 2 grams daily can also cause acute dose-dependent liver damage. Even chemicals damage the liver.

The complex burden they impose upon the liver is not surprising that a broad spectrum of adverse drug's effects on liver functions and structures has been documented also the reactions range from mild and transient changes in the results of liver function tests to complete liver failure with death of the host. Fatty liver can also cause damage to the liver due to the build-up of fat in the liver cells. Heavy drinkers often develop fatty change in the liver in order developing liver damage.
These are a number of uncommon conditions that allow the accumulation of toxins in the liver and from that the commonest is hemochromatosis, which causes excess deposits of iron in the liver.

What are the symptoms of liver damage?

The symptoms are jaundice, abnormal blood vessels, fluid retention, easy bruising, enlargement of breast in men, pain in upper right abdomen, abdomen swelling, skin changes, itching, fatigue, nausea, fever and vomiting. Patients in the more advanced stages will suffer and present with more specific liver-related symptoms such as jaundice, ascites that is fluid collecting in the abdomen, causing distension, haematemesis that is vomiting of blood or encephalopathy which is confusion, reduced level of awareness and altered sleep pattern, eventually progressing to coma and hence these are signs of severe liver damage and require urgent medical treatment.

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