Fatty Liver -


All That You Need To Know

What Is Fatty Liver?

Fatty liver is a reversible condition seen in chronic alcoholism and other conditions, where large vacuoles of lipid accumulate in hepatocytes that are liver cells. Accumulation of this fat in liver cells causes the liver to enlarge. The lipid within the vacuoles is a particular type known as triglyceride. Triglyceride molecules consist of a glycerol backbone along with three fatty acid molecules joined on it.

Consequences Of Fatty Liver -

The healthy liver regulates fat metabolism and is a major fat-burning organ in the body. The healthy liver not only burns fat but also pumps excessive fat out of your body through the bile into the gut. Thus, if the liver is healthy, one will not have much difficulty in controlling weight. Conversely a liver which is fatty is doing the opposite of what it should do. A fatty liver stores fat when it should be burning fat and removes excess fat from your body. Indeed a fatty liver becomes a warehouse for fat and if allowed to progress for many years, the liver may become a bag of fat with dire consequences on health and longevity.

What Leads To Fatty Liver?

There are chances of fat accumulating in the liver due to extreme weight gain or diabetes mellitus. Fatty liver can also occur due to poor diet and certain illnesses, such as tuberculosis, intestinal bypass surgery for obesity and certain drugs such as corticosteroids, or in the setting of very heavy alcohol use. A patient suffers from fatty liver when the fat makes up at least 10% of the liver. Also one must keep in mind that eating fatty food by itself does not produce a fatty liver.

How Can Fatty Liver Be Treated?

The treatment of fatty liver is very much related to the reason why it has been caused. It is important to remember that simple fatty liver does not require treatment, as it does not result in damage of liver cells. Obese patients with fatty liver will have to reduce or lose excess fat in liver cells, as well as in other cells in the body, if substantial weight loss has to be achieved. Good control of diabetes mellitus with diet, drugs, or insulin can also decrease the fat content in the liver.

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