Feline heart disease:
HCM is diagnosed when any other disease does not cause left ventricular hypertrophy. Left ventricular hypertrophy is similar to HCM may be caused by diseases such as systemic hypertension which is most commonly associated with kidney disease or hyperthyroidism but such cases cannot properly be termed HCM. Mutations in several genes have been identified as major cause of HCM in humans. The mutations known to date are inherited as autosomal dominant traits with the variable expression and incomplete penetrance. This also means that an abnormal gene from only one parent is needed to cause the disease to develop in the child that its severity can vary and that it's possible for some people to have an HCM gene mutation but not develop the disease. The mutation is thus far identified for human HCM cause gene to produce a defective contractile protein. The resultant contractile units within the heart muscle are dysfunctional and so additional contractile units are produced by myocardium, heart muscle to compensate. The increased number of contractile units leads to wall thickening.
Common in cats:
HCM is most commonly seen in cats less than five years old, however it is by no means unusual to diagnose primary HCM for the first time in cats as old as seven to eight or even older whose hearts had appeared normal on previous echocardiograms. Familial occurrences have been observed in numerous breeds. But specific feline HCM genetic mutations have not been isolated as yet, it is appearing in families of cats, and observations that an affected offspring can be produced if there is an affected parent, strongly indicate a genetic basis. In Maine Coon cats and American Shorthairs, HCM is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait it is in humans too. In addition, the natural history of the disease and the pathology are the same as in humans. So, it is likely that the disease is caused by a mutation in a contractile protein gene.
Heart disease in women:
Alcohol heart disease:
Protect Your Heart United States alone sees 100,000 excess deaths due to alcohol-related diseases every year. In UK it is one of the commonest causes of Hospital admissions. Same pattern of mortality and morbidity can be seen across the globe....
Causes of Heart Disease
to the World Health Organization the cardiovascular disease causes 12 million deaths in the world each year. This disease is responsible for half of all deaths in the United States and to other developed countries as it is a main cause of death in...
Different types of heart disease:
Heart disease and its causes: The function of the heart is to pump freshly oxygenated blood to all the cells in the body. If the heart fails to supply enough blood or due to its defects or disorder cannot supply blood at all then it is called...
Feline heart disease:
The feline heart like the human heart is a dual pump. Blood is returned from the cat's circulatory system to its right side of the heart that pumps it through the pulmonary arteries to the lungs for oxygenation. The left side of the heart receives...
Heart disease in women:
stroke also affects a substantial number of women. Expert's estimate that one in two women will die of heart disease or stroke compared with one in 25 women who will die of breast cancer. Few recent static's: Current statistics reveal...
Heart disease symptoms fingernails:
more than extensions of human cells that have hardened, they are significant in telling a lot about a person's health. A good doctor can easily tell you if you are suffering from any kind of disease with one look at your fingernails. Fingernails...
Ischaemic heart disease:
Ischaemic heart disease is a medical term commonly known as Coronary artery disease of the heart. It is a malfunction of the coronary artery caused that supply less or no blood to the heart. Coronary artery disease or ischaemic heart disease is one...
Palpatations heart disease:
heart, what we commonly hear and know as heart beat, we know our heart is doing its work. But there are occasions when we feel an irregular or forceful beating of the heart. We may also face a situation where we feel that our heart has skipped a...
Red wine heart disease:
Well apart from the knowledge that wine appeals to the heart, medical evidence and research suggests that consumption of red wine in moderate levels can reduce chances of heart ailments. Shall we raise a Toast then... Well, definitely, but lets...
Vitamin E and Heart disease:
Coronary artery disease is the term used to describe the gradual narrowing of the coronary arteries. The narrowing is caused by the building up of fatty deposits (atheroma) within the inner lining of the coronary arteries The atheroma contains...
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