Swollen ankles

Swollen ankles, feet and legs, in medical terms is known as edema, occur when fluid is retained in the spaces between body cells. While edema classically affects the feet, ankles and lower legs, it can also impact any area of the body, causing systemic symptoms. Edema can be caused by a severe condition of the kidney, heart, liver or blood vessels, but many other factors can contribute to its onset, including, eating a poor diet high in salt and carbohydrates, abusing laxatives, abusing diuretics abusing drugs, taking birth control or hormone replacement therapy pills, pregnancy and PMS, sodium retention, varicose veins and history of phlebitis, allergic reactions, neuromuscular disorders and trauma.

Symptoms and relief

Originally, the feet, ankles and legs will appear swollen as the day progresses, but after a period of time, the swelling will set in first thing in the morning and continue to worsen throughout the day. Long-term edema leads to pitting. When you push on the swollen area for a few seconds, you will notice an indentation in that area. Continued swelling can lead to skin ulcerations. Over time, other symptom also develops, like that of, high blood pressure, headaches, increased urination, and Palpitations, swollen hands and/or wrists, puffy eyes and Weight gain. Raise your legs above the level of the heart, which puts minimal pressure on the backs of the knees and thighs and lower back. Just sitting in a reclining chair in front of the TV is a great mode to elevate your legs.

Other relief and prevention

Keep your feet at the leg wedge in order to elevate the feet while sleeping. Do wear support socks and stocking, either over-the-counter or customer-made for getting your feet's healed. The support socks and stockings come in various gradients depending on the pressure needed, and various lengths depending on the level of the edema. You should wear proper fitting shoes and socks. In order to get the conformability level, go out to buy new shoes in the afternoon to get the best fit. Apply new techniques to help decrease the swelling, like that of increase muscle activity with walking. Avoid standing in a place for a longer period of time. Avoid sitting with the feet dependent on the other. Limit the salt intake in your food. Do not abuse diuretics, but a short-term course may be helpful in treating your swollen ankles. Also do not abuse the laxatives. Drink plenty of water in order to get a proper healthy life. Avoid contraceptive pills and hormone replacement therapy if you can. Always use a compressions pump to help fluid return to the blood vessels.

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