First aid for child


A well-stocked first-aid kit, kept within easy reach, is a necessity in every home. Having supplies gathered ahead of time will help you handle an emergency at a moment's notice. You should keep one first-aid kit in your home and one in each car. Also be sure to bring a first-aid kit on family vacations. Choose containers for your kits that are roomy, durable, easy to carry, and simple to open. Plastic tackle boxes or containers for storing art supplies are ideal, since they're lightweight, have handles, and offer a lot of space.

After you've stocked your first-aid kits:

Read the entire first-aid manual so you'll understand how to use the contents of your kits. (Store first-aid kits in places that are out of children's reach but easily accessible for adults. Check the kits regularly. Replace missing items or medicines that may have expired. An ideal course for new parents, babysitters, nannies, day care providers or anyone who cares for infants and children up to 8 years of age. Basic first aid principles, choking, and CPR techniques for infants and children are taught using infant and child manikins. For groups of 10 or more, we can bring this course into your home or another convenient location at a time that suits your schedule.

Fever is one of your body's reactions to infection. What's normal for you may be a little higher or lower than the average temperature of 98.6 F (37 C). That's why it's hard to say just what a fever is. But a "significant" fever is usually defined as an oral or ear temperature of 102 F or a rectal temperature of 103 F. For very young children and infants, however, even slightly elevated temperatures may indicate a serious infection. In newborns, a subnormal temperature - rather than a fever also may be a sign of serious illness.

How to take a temperature

You can choose from several types of thermometers. Today most have digital readouts. Some take the temperature quickly from the ear canal and can be especially useful for young children and older adults. Other thermometers can be used rectally, orally or under the arm. If you use a digital thermometer, be sure to read the instructions, so you know what the beeps mean and when to read the thermometer. Under normal circumstances, temperatures tend to be highest around 4 p.m. and lowest around 4 a.m. cause of the potential for mercury exposure or ingestion, glass mercury thermometers have been phased out and are no longer recommended.

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Wilderness first aid
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First Aid
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