First aid for a bruise

names of a bruise are contusion, hematoma. There are three types of bruises: subcutaneous which are beneath the skin, intramuscular within the belly of the underlying muscle, periosteal which is a bone bruise. Bruises can last from days to months, with the bone bruise being the most harsh and painful. Bruises are frequently caused by falls, sports injuries, car accidents, or blows received by other people or objects. If you acquire a blood thinner, like aspirin or warfarin, you are expected to bruise more easily.
Treatment for a bruise
The major symptoms are pain, swelling, and skin discolouration. The bruise begins as a pinkish, red color that can be very gentle to touch. It is often difficult to use the muscle that has been bruised. For example, a deep thigh bruise is hurting when you walk or run. In due course, the bruise changes to a bluish colour, then greenish-yellow, and lastly returns to the normal skin color as it heals. The first aid for bruise includes the following. Put ice on the bruise to help it heal faster and to reduce swelling. Place the ice in a cloth and not place ice directly on the skin. Keep the ice on the damage for about 15 minutes per hour for the first two to three days. Keep the bruised area raised above the heart, if useful. This helps to keep the blood from pooling in the bruised tissue. Attempt to rest the bruised body part by not overworking your muscles in that area. If required, you can use acetaminophen a medicine to help reduce the pain from the bruise. In the rare instance of compartment syndrome, surgery normally needs to be performed to relieve the extreme buildup of strain.
Call your doctor at once if you feel extreme pressure in a bruised part or your body, especially if the area is large or very painful. This may be due to a situation known as compartment syndrome. Increased pressure on the soft tissues and structures beneath the skin can reduce the supply of essential blood and oxygen to the tissues. This is potentially life-threatening and you should receive emergency care quickly. One should not attempt to drain the bruise with a needle. Do not carry on running, playing, or otherwise using the painful, bruised element of your body. Do pay attention to the pain or swelling.

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First aid information:
First aid is immediate and temporary aid which provides to a sick or injured person until medical treatment can be provided. It is generally consists of series of simple, life-saving medical techniques that a non-doctor or lay person can be trained...

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