Emergency first aid kit


Useful kits are easily portable and include only the minimum elements needed to stay alive, with no extraneous luxury additions to provide for comfort. The kit almost always includes materials for shelter against the elements, water potage and purification, implements for creating fire, light, and emergency signals, a knife and sharpening implement, navigation equipment, first aid supplies, and food.

Typical Emergency kits include:
Plastic bags
Iodine tablets
Matches in waterproof case
Candles
Swiss army knife
Bandages
Canned food

Pre-packaged Emergency kits can include instructions in survival techniques, including first aid methods.Most first aid kits contain bandages for controlling bleeding, personal protective equipment such as gloves and a barrier for performing rescue breathing and sometimes instructions on how to perform first aid.

Emergency first aid kit contains:

1.Altitude sickness, which can begin in susceptible people at altitudes as low as 5,000 feet, can cause potentially fatal swelling of the brain or lungs.
2. Bones fracture a break in a bone initially treated by stabilizing the fracture with a splint.
3. Burns, which can result in damage to tissues and loss of body fluids through the burn site.
4. Choking, blockage of the airway which can quickly result in death due to lack of oxygen if the patient's trachea is not cleared.
5. Poisoning, this can occur by injection, inhalation, absorption, or ingestion.
6. Sprain, a temporary dislocation of a joint that immediately reduces automatically but may result in ligament damage.
Emergency action principle:
Perform a secondary survey only if you are sure that the victim has no life threatening (ABC) conditions.
Interview the victim.
Pain,
Medical conditions,
medications,
allergies,
when did you last eat or drink?
Head-to-toe examination (for a child, toe-to-head)
medical alert bracelets
compare one side against the other
pain, deformation
Emergecy preparedness:
Emergency management is the continuous process by which all individuals, all groups and all communities manage hazards and the effects of disaster. The process involves mitigation and preparedness (pre-event/event) and response and recovery (event/post-event). Actions taken depend in part on perceptions of risk and event-generated needs; effectiveness depends in part on how well activities are integrated. Activities at each level (individual, group, community) affect the other levels.

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