Healthy Eating Carbohydrates Calories
Eat Healthy Carbs And Stay Healthy
Food is consumed for fueling the body for energy, growth and repair. Carbohydrates, proteins and fats are broken down by the digestive system into the simplest components of each that is simple sugars, amino acids and fatty acids. Dieticians suggest that no food is unhealthy but diets are unhealthy and should be taken care of. Eating the right kind of foods from the major food groups is the foundation of day-to-day wellbeing, which helps to reduce long-term risks of diseases.
Healthy And Unhealthy Carbohydrates -
Carbohydrate is the preferred source of fuel for the body. It should make up of about 50% of daily energy intake. The two main types of carbohydrate are complex and simple. Complex carbohydrates include starch and fibre where as simple carbohydrates include sugars. In healthy eating, one should get most of the carbohydrate intake from the complex carbohydrate sources. These include starchy "fillers" like bread, potatoes, pasta, rice and chapatti. Complex carbohydrate foods are generally bulky, so eating them makes a satisfying meal. They are also be rich in nutrients and fibre (that is good for the bowel) and low in calories as compared to their weight. Each gram of complex carbohydrates provides about four calories. One must choose wholegrain varieties; if possible as these also contain more fibre.
The rest of the carbohydrate intake comes from foods and drinks that contain sugar. These also include fruit and vegetables, milk, confectionery, sugar and soft drinks. It is important to know that most people benefit from eating a higher proportion of starchy carbohydrate in their daily diet. This leads to a diet that is lower in fat and higher in dietary fibre, mainly if wholegrain varieties are chosen. Also highly recommended is eating at least five portions of fruit and vegetables each day. There is convincing evidence that fruit and vegetables cut the risk of diseases like some cancers and heart disease. Also, fruits and vegetables are filling, low in calories and high in fibre.
Foods high in refined sugar like table sugar, sugary drinks and confectionery provide empty calories. This means that apart from the energy the sugar provides very little of nutritional value. Also, this sugar contributes to tooth decay and gum disease and can also cause blood sugar levels to fluctuate excessively. Thus if you want to eat healthy carbohydrates, it is a good idea to limit your sugar intake.
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