Chronic Dieters


Chronic dieters are the person who consistently restricts their energy intake to maintain an average weight at or below the average for their height. Chronic dieters are the one who may possess beliefs about their appearance and body size that support weight-loss efforts which is regardless of their actual body weight and the present health status. Chronic dieters are the one who generally have an obsession with body shape and weight. They are the one who also restrict their food choices for more than two years and continually diet to achieve weight loss without success or with success but then with weight regain. Frequent attempts in order to lose weight can increase your risk for low bone mass that may be setting you up for dangerous fractures later in life as per the recent research in the University of California.
With the psychological consequences of chronic dieting, there are also many physiologic effects as well. These physiologic effects may vary and may affect the metabolism in the long term. It has also been suggested that long-term energy restriction may lead to a decreased Resting Energy Expenditure (REE). It may be a conservatory mechanism that allows the body to conserve energy when in a fasting state. A recent study was performed in Canada to determine whether the metabolic and physiologic differences exist between two groups of chronic dieters: one with normal REEs and one with low REEs.
The leading practitioners working with chronic dieters need to be aware of the factors that precipitate body image dissatisfaction and to explore with their clients how these issues may affect food choices, that is, the dietary fat restriction for weight loss, increase in binge eating, or decrease in the awareness of internal bodily states. In the group of chronic dieters, there existed what might be described as body image dissatisfaction and weight-loss inertia or immobility. Serious concerns have been raised about the long-term effectiveness of weight-loss dieting and possible negative health consequences of losing and regaining weight. Thus, a shift in focus from losing weight to healthful living regardless of size, that is, increased physical activity, increased in the intake of fruit, vegetables, and complex carbohydrates may prove beneficial by providing an option to chronic dieting, thus possibly increasing the likelihood for positive behavior change.

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