Blister care


Blister care is a local swelling of the skin that contains watery fluid and is caused by burning or irritation. It is a raised bubble as on painted or laminated surface. In other words it is a puff swelling of the outer skin i.e. an epidermis due to burn, friction, or irritants like poison ivy. A response of the body to protect deeper tissue, blisters generally contain serum, the liquid component of the blood. The so called blood blister, however, forms over ruptured capillaries and therefore contains whole blood. It can also be named as a bulla. It is a defense mechanism of the human body. It consists of a pool of lymph and other bodily fluids beneath the upper layers of the skin. It may be formed in response to burns or friction, and helps to repair damage to the skin. If a blister is punctured, it forms an open wound and must be bandaged. If a blister is associated with sub-dermal bleeding, it may partially fill with blood, forming an unpleasant blood blister.

A distinguished characteristic

Blistering is a distinguishing characteristic of second degree burns. Certain autoimmune diseases feature extensive blistering. These include pemphigus and pemphigoid. Blistering also occurs as part of foodborne illness with Vibrio vulnificus i.e. seafood. The class of chemical weapons which is known as vesicants acts by causing blisters which is often within the respiratory tract. Mustard gas and lewisite are examples of such agents. One should go for the treatment immediately as blister has become unusually large i.e. bigger than a thumbprint on the hand. Also you should go to a doctor if a ruptured blister has foreign matter contamination. Also you should go for a check up if the blister is in a critical area.

Immediate care to be taken

Whether one should leave the blister or snip it away depends on where it is? In general, a friction blister is the most comfortable if one leave skin intact over it. If the blister is uncomfortably tight, or if its location means it will have pressure on it as one works, one must let the fluid out. One should either leave the blister alone, or open it completely. One should not stick a pin in it. It may lead to infection. If one is planning to open the blister then the person should clean the area with Beta dine. One should firstly, cut at least half of the blister open. Secondly apply the antibiotic ointment and plaster the flap back into position. Lastly, one should apply a dressing that puts light pressure on the blister area. Also one should apply a cold pack to it. When the pain subsides, one should apply padding or a splint to protect the injured area.

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