Characteristics of autism

What is autism?

Autism is a disease that affects the neurological development of the human body. The disease involves abnormalities in the brain which apparently controls the nervous system. Autistic people respond aggressively to sensory stimulations like touch, sound and light. It is four times more likely to occur in boys than girls. The approximate age at which the disorder can be detected is three years. One of the major consequences of the disease is the communication problems that it causes. The speech becomes faulty, begins to lack expression, clarity and intonation. The disease is all about intellectual impairment of the infant.

What are its symptoms?

Conversation and social interaction become the major areas of problem for autistic children. Symptoms of the disease vary from mild to extreme. The retarded neurological development basically affects the behavior of the child which becomes more and more aggressive. The following are some of such abnormal and aggressive behavioral patterns:

The child begins like being alone.
His reactions to normal touches and smells and general noises become inexplicably aggressive and abnormal.
He resists cuddling among other gestures of affection.
The child exhibits tantrums.
The child doesn't maintain an eye contact.

Besides these abnormal behavioral patterns, autistic children usually have an impaired language development. They face problems while expressing themselves. Their speech patterns are improper and lack intonation and involve repetition and expression. The mental processes of the child become slow and face difficulty in learning and understanding things.

How is it caused?

The cause of the disease is unknown. Several rounds of research have been conducted on the disease and its causes but the latter still remains undiscovered and unidentified. The disease can be inherited; it can be due to genetic or environmental reasons or also due to infections.

How is it treated?

Autism treatment may vary from child to child depending upon the severity of the disease suffered by the child. They need to be given proper behavioral therapy to improve their language skills. They need special treatment as they have a tendency to go aggressive and find problems in understanding. Behavioral therapies and other alternative medicines are also supposed to have favorable effects on the autistic child. The alternative treatment includes dietary restrictions and taking certain specific nutrients.

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