Autism symptoms


Autism: the disease
Autism is a disease that affects the neurological development of the human body. It is a disease that is that is four times more likely to occur in boys as compared to girls and is generally detected by the age of three. It results in communication problems. The disease involves abnormalities in the brain which apparently controls the nervous system. Autistic people respond aggressively to sensory stimulations like touch, sound and light.
Autism and its Prevalence:
Autism is one of the rare nervous disorders that affects one or two of every one thousand people and occurs more frequently in boys than in girls.
The cause of the disease is yet to be discovered and identified.
The cause of autism is unknown. The disorder results from abnormalities in brain structure or function and the underlying cause usually cannot be identified. Patients with autism often have abnormalities in several areas of the brain. This may indicate that a disruption in fetal brain development contributes to the disorder. The disease may be due to genetic, environmental, metabolic and infectious reasons.
Symptoms of autism:
Autism affects the neurological development of the human body but more than one-third don't have abnormal intelligence levels. They face difficulties while conversing and interacting with people. Symptoms of the disease vary from mild to extreme. The retarded neurological development basically affects the behavior of the child which goes more towards the aggressive side. An autistic infant may find general touches unbearably painful and slightly loud noises may cause crying which might be difficult to control. The disease is all about unusual, abnormal, and aggressive responses that any other normal child would not exhibit. The following are some of such behavioral patterns:
The child begins to find pleasure in solitude.
The child reacts aggressively to normal touches and smells and general noises.
The child begins to resist cuddling and other gestures of affection.
The child finds it difficult to interact and communicate.
The child exhibits tantrums.
The child runs away from eye contact.

Besides these abnormal behavioral patterns, autistic children usually have an impaired language development. They face problems while expressing themselves and generally cry, laugh or show distress when not able to express themselves. Their speech patterns are improper and lack intonation and involve repetition and expression. The mental processes of the child become slow and face difficulty in learning and understanding things.
The symptoms may become severer as the child enters adolescence and may go out of control if not checked on time. But there are also chances that the severity of the disease reduces as the autistic person enters adulthood.

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